Cittar Tirumular’s Tirumantiram unfolds the most profound and subtle realisations of a phenomenal Cittar. It is revered as Cittanta – ‘the end of ends’- the final truth.
In Cittar Yogam, Tirumular gave verses that were ultimately set as the Tirumantiram. It is a spiritual encyclopedia. It contains a synthesis of all knowledge, that goes through all the maze and mystery of yoga and tantra.
The Tirumantiram comprised of two words tiru, an honorific, and mantiram, the Tamil word for mantra which literally means ‘the Sacred Utterance – a Mantiram – a divine energy!’ It is a vast compendium of philosophy, morality, Tantrism, Cittar doctrines and the greatest treatment of yoga in Tamil literature, which includes a collection of more than 3000 quatrains arranged in nine tantras in the kalivirutam meter, divided into four parts viz., Cariyai, Kriyai, Yogam and Gnyanam and reflects the theology of the Tamil Agamas.
Thirumantiram consists of Nine Tantirams. The First Tantiram begins with a synopsis of all that is to follow in this great mystical work of Cittar Tirumular. The topics it covers include: Transitoriness of Body also of Youth and Life, Poverty, Wealth, Darma of Rulers, Glory of Giving, In Praise of the Charitable, Siva Knows Those Who Love Him, Learning, Non-learning, Rectitude, and others. The First Tantra begins with Synopsis – Payiram பாயிரம் as it is known in Tamil, a beautiful recital about Lord Siva based on the sequence.
Tirumular’s Tirumandiram is unique as it blends philosophical exposition with practical techniques. Tirumandiram discusses consciousness in an elaborate fashion. Tirumandiram is the earliest and probably the only Tamil Siddha text that describes the nature of the soul, its states of consciousness, and the experiences in those states so elaborately.
Yoga in the Tirumantiram is ‘Cittar Yogam,’ offers details not found in the Sanskrit text of Patanjali. The Tirumantiram describes means of attaining an immortal body – kaya siddi, advocating the theory of preserving the body so that the soul would continue its existence.
A section on Yoga in the Tirumantiram offers details not found in the Sanskrit text of Patanjali. The Tirumantiram describes means of attaining an immortal body (kaya siddhi), advocating a theory of preserving the body so that the soul would continue its existence – ‘Udambai valarthen uyir valarthenae’- ‘உடம்பை வளர்த்தேன் உயிர் வளர்த்தேனே.’ For the higher spiritual practices of yoga for students, the Tirumantiram must be known. It is the only text available today to use for such a higher yoga practice for attainment.
The Tirumantiram is a mystical experience, divine poetry written in as a metered verse, composed in the ancient Tamil language – gives out the final conclusion! The Tirumantiram is one of the oldest scriptures known to man today.
Caivism is so very ancient that it appears among the first civilizations unearthed by archaeologists. There is a timeless quality about Caivism-which preceded Hinduism as we know it today. Caivism has no founder for it was not founded by man. It coexists with man – part of man.
Caivism as a Cittar text it is full of metaphorical sayings communicating mystical thoughts. The final section of the Tirumantiram, named Sunya Sambasanam gives poetic expression to many of the mystical experiences of Cittar Tirumular. It also stresses the fundamentals of Citta and its healing powers. It deals with a wide array of subjects, unique only to the Cittars, including astronomy and physical nature of the human body – Kaya Kalpanam.